Coagulopathy-independent, bioinspired hemostatic materials: A full research story from preclinical models to a human clinical trial
Authors and Affiliations
Since the first report of underwater adhesive proteins of marine mussels in 1981, numerous studies have reported mussel-inspired synthetic adhesive polymers. However, none of them have developed up to human-level translational studies. Here, we report a sticky polysaccharide that effectively promotes hemostasis from animal bleeding models to first-in-human hepatectomy. We found that the hemostatic material instantly generates a barrier layer that seals hemorrhaging sites. The barrier is created within a few seconds by in situ interactions with abundant plasma proteins. Therefore, as long as patient blood contains proper levels of plasma proteins, hemostasis should always occur even in coagulopathic conditions. To date, insufficient tools have been developed to arrest coagulopathic bleedings originated from genetic disorders, chronic diseases, or surgical settings such as organ transplantations. Mussel-inspired adhesion chemistry described here provides a useful alternative to the use of fibrin glues up to a human-level biomedical application.