Activated carbon (AC) is an inexpensive catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction in the air cathode of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). However, since the electrochemical catalytic activity of AC is poor, it is necessary to improve its performance. The metal–organic framework (MOF) is composed of a metal ion and an organic linker. It has high porosity and high electrochemical catalytic activity. Herein, ZIF-67 (cobalt-nitrogen framework) was combined with activated carbon through ultrasonication (U) and solution precipitation (H), which was used to make ZIF-67U and ZIF-67H cathodes, respectively. In maximum power density, ZIF-67U cathode produced 4203 mW m−2, and ZIF-67H did 3881 mW m−2, which is 60% and 48% higher than AC cathode (2625 mW m−2) and 160% and 140% higher than Pt cathode (1614 mW m−2), respectively. Cobalt and nitrogen contents increased in the ZIF catalysts. In atomic nitrogen contents of catalyst surface, pyridine-N was 28% in ZIF-67U and 38% in ZIF-67H, respectively; pyrrole-N was 56% in ZIF-67U and 25% in ZIF-67H, respectively; no nitrogen was detected in AC. These cobalt-nitrogen increased the active site of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), improved the reaction rate, and decreased charge transfer impedance. Impedance analysis demonstrated the ZIF-67 addition also decreased the diffusion impedance possibly due to the improved cathode porosity. AC and ZIF-67 were bonded using ultrasonication and tested in the MFC for the first time, producing the highest power ever among the MOFs in the 50-mM phosphate-buffer-saline condition so far.