The efficacy of current antiviral drugs used to treat influenza has been declining because of mutations and resistance of the virus. Herein, a light‐sensitive multiligand architecture is developed consisting of chitosan conjugated to a photosensitizer and 6'‐sialyllactose (SL) to develop an antiviral agent against influenza with a different mechanism of action (SL‐chitosan‐Chlorin e6, SCC). Saturation transfer difference‐nuclear magnetic resonance determined that the ability of SCC to bind to viral hemagglutinin is stronger than that of the monomeric substance. Virus recognition is confirmed by immunofluorescence and transmission electron microscope imaging. SCC induces viral inactivation by causing permanent membrane damage through its photoactivity. Viral membrane is oxidized by the photoactivity of SCC, thus, the virus membrane collapses. Furthermore, using the plaque reduction assay to evaluate the inhibitory effect of SCC on influenza A and B, it is found that its antiviral effects are 23% and 50% higher than the conventional antiviral drug. Additionally, SCC prevents infection by influenza in 100% of mice subjected to laser irradiation. These results indicate that this photodynamic multiligand structure can overcome the limitations of existing antiviral agents and suggest a pertinent methodology of prophylaxis and treatment by preemptively attacking the virus before it enters the host cell.