Multiple RPAs make WRN syndrome protein a superhelicase
Authors and Affiliations
RPA is known to stimulate the helicase activity of Werner syndrome protein (WRN), but the exact stimulation mechanism is not understood. We use single-molecule FRET and magnetic tweezers to investigate the helicase activity of WRN and its stimulation by RPA. We show that WRN alone is a weak helicase which repetitively unwind just a few tens of base pairs, but that binding of multiple RPAs to the enzyme converts WRN into a superhelicase that unidirectionally unwinds double-stranded DNA more than 1 kb. Our study provides a good case in which the activity and biological functions of the enzyme may be fundamentally altered by the binding of cofactors.