Food intake is the primary method for obtaining energy and component materials in the human being. Humans evaluate the quality of food by combining various facets of information, such as an item of food's appearance, smell, taste, and texture in the mouth. Recently, bioelectronic noses and tongues have been reported that use human olfactory and taste receptors as primary recognition elements, and nanoelectronics as secondary signal transducers. Bioelectronic sensors that mimic human olfaction and gustation have sensitively and selectively detected odor and taste molecules from various food samples, and have been applied to food quality assessment. The portable and multiplexed bioelectronic nose and tongue are expected to be used as next-generation analytical tools for rapid on-site monitoring of food quality. In this review, we summarize recent progress in the bioelectronic nose and tongue using olfactory and taste receptors, and discuss the potential applications and future perspectives in the food industry.
Keywords : Bioelectronic nose; Bioelectronic tongue; Human olfactory receptor; Human taste receptor; Food quality assessment