Seungmi Ryu1,‡, Choonghyeon Lee3,‡, Jooyeon Park2, Jun Seop Lee3, Seokyung Kang2, Young Deok Seo3, Prof. Jyongsik Jang3,* and Prof. Byung-Soo Kim1,2,*
1 Interdisciplinary Program for Bioengineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea)
2 School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea)
3 World Class University Program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment, School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea)
‡ These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Corresponding Authors
Carbon-based materials have been extensively studied for stem cell culture. However, difficulties associated with engineering pure carbon materials into 3D scaffolds have hampered applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Carbonized polyacrylonitrile (cPAN) could be a promising alternative, as cPAN is a highly ordered carbon isomorph that resembles the graphitic structure and can be easily processed into 3D scaffolds. Despite the notable features of cPAN, application of cPAN in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have not been explored. This study, for the first time, demonstrates the fabrication of microporous 3D scaffolds of cPAN and excellent osteoinductivity of cPAN, suggesting utility of 3D cPAN scaffolds as synthetic bone graft materials. The combination of excellent processability and unique bioactive properties of cPAN may lead to future applications in orthopedic regenerative medicine.
Keywords: biological activity; carbon materials; mesenchymal stem cells; osteogenesis; polyacrylonitrile