The thin film transistor (TFT) is a promising biosensor system with great sensitivity, label-free detection, and a quick response time. However, even though the TFT sensor has such advantageous characteristics, the disadvantages hamper the TFT sensor’s application in the clinical field. The TFT is susceptible to light, noise, vibration, and limited usage, and this significantly limits its on-site potential as a practical biosensor. Herein, we developed a fully packaged, portable TFT electrochemical biosensor into a chip form, providing both portability through minimizing the laboratory equipment size and multiple safe usages by protecting the semiconductor sensor. Additionally, a safe environment that serves as a miniature probe station minimizes the previously mentioned disadvantages, while providing the means to properly link the TFT biosensor with a portable analyzer. The biosensor was taken into a biosafety level 3 (BSL-3) laboratory setting to analyze highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) samples. This virus quickly accumulates within a host, and therefore, early stage detection is critical to deterring the further spread of the deadly disease to other areas. However, current on-site methods have poor limits of detection (105-106 EID50/mL), and because the virus has low concentration in its early stages, it cannot be detected easily. We have compared the sample measurements from our device with virus concentration data obtained from a RT-PCR (virus range: 100?104 EID50/mL) and have identified an increasing voltage signal which corresponds to increasing virus concentration.
Keywords: avian influenza virus; chip sensor; label-free detection; portable biosensor; rapid detection