Microalgae hold the promise of an inexpensive and sustainable source of biofuels. The existing microalgal cultivation technologies need significant improvement to outcompete other biofuel sources such as terrestrial plants. Application of ‘algomics’ approaches under different abiotic stress conditions could be an effective strategy for optimization of microalgal growth and production of high-quality biofuels. In this review, we discuss the roles of omics in understanding genome structure and biocomponents metabolism in various microalgal species to optimize sustainable biofuel production. Application of individual and integrated omics revealed that genes and metabolic pathways of microalgae have been altered under multiple stress conditions, resulting in an increase in biocomponents, providing a research platform for expansion of genetic engineering studies in microalgal strains.
Keywords : microalgal biofuel; abiotic stress; transcriptomic; proteomics; metabolomics; integrated omics