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Mia Madel Alfajaro (Mia Madel Alfajaro)
전남대학교 수의과대학
조회 19  인쇄하기 주소복사 트위터 공유 페이스북 공유 
Development of a live attenuated trivalent porcine rotavirus A vaccine against disease caused by recent strains most prevalent in South Korea

Jun-Gyu Park1†, Mia Madel Alfajaro1†, Eun-Hyo Cho1, Ji-Yun Kim1, Mahmoud Soliman1, Yeong-Bin Baek1, Chul-Ho Park2, Ju-Hwan Lee2, Kyu-Yeol Son1,3, Kyoung-Oh Cho1* and Mun-Il Kang1*

1 Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea. 2 Chonnam National University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Gwangju 500‑757, Republic of Korea. 3 Choong Ang Vaccine Laboratory, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

*Correspondence

Jun-Gyu Park and Mia Madel Alfajaro are equal contributors

Abstract
Porcine rotaviruses cause severe economic losses in the Korean swine industry due to G- and P-genotype mismatches between the predominant field and vaccine strains. Here, we developed a live attenuated trivalent porcine group A rotavirus vaccine using 80 cell culture passages of the representative Korean predominant strains G8P[7] 174-1, G9P[23] PRG942, and G5P[7] K71. Vaccination with the trivalent vaccine or its individual components induced no diarrhea during the first 2 weeks post-vaccination, i.e., the vaccines were attenuated. Challenge of trivalent-vaccinated or component-vaccinated piglets with homologous virulent strain(s) did not induce diarrhea for 2 weeks post-challenge. Immunization with the trivalent vaccine or its individual components also alleviated the histopathological lesions in the small intestines caused by challenge with the corresponding original virulent strain(s). Fecal secretory IgAs specific for each of vaccine strains were detected starting at 14 days post-vaccination (dpv), and IgA levels gradually increased up to 28 dpv. Oral immunization with the trivalent vaccine or its individual components induced high levels of serum virus-neutralizing antibody by 7 dpv. No diarrhea was observed in any experimental piglets during five consecutive passages of each vaccine strain. Our data indicated that the live attenuated trivalent vaccine was safe and effective at protecting piglets from diarrhea induced by challenge exposure of homologous virulent strains. This trivalent vaccine will potentially contribute toward controlling porcine rotavirus disease in South Korea and other countries where rotavirus infections with similar G and P genotypes are problematic.

논문정보
- 형식: Research article
- 게재일: 2019년 01월 (BRIC 등록일 2019-01-16)
- 연구진: 국내연구진 태극기
- 분야: Veterinary_Science
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Google scholar (by Mia Madel Alfajaro)
Pubmed (by Mia Madel Alfajaro)
프리미엄 Bio일정 Bio일정 프리미엄 안내
2019 Korean Researchers’ Night in AACR 참가 신청 안내 (미국 애틀랜타)
2019 Korean Researchers’ Night in AACR 참가 신청 안내 (미국 애틀랜타)
사전접수: ~2019.02.20
날짜: 2019.03.31
장소: Atlanta Marriott Marquis
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대한골대사학회 The 7th Seoul Symposium on Bone Health & 제31차 춘계학술대회
대한골대사학회 The 7th Seoul Symposium on Bone Health & 제31차 춘계학술대회
초록접수: ~2019.02.28
사전접수: ~2019.04.01
날짜: 2019.05.30~06.01
장소: 서울드래곤시티 5층 백두룸
2019 서경배과학재단 신진과학자 연구지원 프로그램 공고
 
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